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Cystitis: Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
27 Jan. 2014

cystitisAlmost every woman has suffered through this illness at least once in her life. Most often it is caused by infections and excessive exposure to cold.

Due to anatomic features of the genitourinary system, men suffer from cystitis far less often than women. In fact, it is a woman’s disease. At that, the peak of morbidity rate falls at cold season. If left unattended, cystitis may give a lot of troubles.

Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder and, more precisely of the bladder mucous membrane. It is often accompanied with urethritis. Cystitis can be acute (when it occurs for the first time in life) and chronic (recurrence of the previously undertreated infection). In both cases the causative agents of the disease can be staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, sexually transmitted infections or helminthes. However, the leading causative agent is Escherichia coli (in 80-90% of cases), which is normally detected in the straight intestine. Woman’s urethra is shorter and it is closer to the anus; consequently infections can penetrate into the bladder more easily.

Another reason for cystitis can be inflammation of the urethra after a sexual intercourse. It is caused by long-lasting rubbing of the urethral orifice during the intercourse. As a rule symptoms develop within 12 hours after that.

Cystitis symptoms can also develop due to irritation of the external urethral opening. Some people, for example, can be allergic to vaginal deodorants, fragrance soap, talc or even colored toilet paper.

Elderly and disabled people, who have difficulty moving, may suffer from this disease. The reason is not fully emptied bladder or rare urination. By the way, adults and children who bear before urination for too long are more prone to cystitis. In rare cases, the disease may be associated with tumor.

Symptoms

Adults usually experience frequent and painful urination, dull abdomen pain, mulligrubs and urethral burning. The urine may become cloudy, foamy or bloody. There can appear general feeling unwell and constant back pain. In children and adults the symptoms mainly manifest as fever, abdominal pain and nausea.Consultation

Treatment

Self-medication is inadmissible! Only after urinoscopy your doctor will be able to prescribe complex therapy, bed regime, milk and green diet and plenty of water drinking (minimum 2 liters a day). Washout of bacteria from the bladder – is the best infection precaution.

Prevention

Never sit on cold surfaces and dress for the weather. Cryospasm impairs the bladder functioning. Neglect of personal hygiene and spicy food can provoke the disease. Cystitis can also appear in the setting of other infectious diseases as tonsillitis or flue. That is why take care of yourself, maintain personal hygiene and empty your bladder as often as it is needed. Drink at least 8 glasses of water daily. Wash every day. If cystitis recurs, prefer taking a shower to a bath. Urinate after the sexual intercourse; it will help to washout bacteria from the urethral orifice before they start multiplying. Prefer cotton underwear to synthetic and try to avoid wearing tight-fitting trousers and hipsters.

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