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Everything one Needs to Know About STDs
17 Jul. 2015

sexually transmitted disease STDModern medicine defines all infectious diseases transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse as sexually transmitted disease (STDs). And they can affect not only the genitals but also the whole body. The list of STDs includes HIV, AIDS, viral hepatitis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and a number of other less common diseases (there are about 20 STDs).

The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases include:

• All types of discharge from the genitals;
• Redness and swelling of the genitals;
• All types of rashes (or change in the color of the skin) on the body, genitals and inside them (detected by palpation);
• Itching;
• Pains in the groin (during walking and especially when urinating).

However, many diseases may progress without symptoms or with light symptoms that many people tend to ignore. The infected person might think that he or she is completely healthy and have no clues about the progressing disease, that’s especially true for women.

The three main reasons to visit the gynecologist or venereologist and get checked for STDs include:

Casual sex – no matter how presentable the partner might look. People can transmit STDs to their sexual partners even if they themselves do not show any symptoms.
New sexual partner. Even if you’re 100% positive about your new partner, it’s worth paying close attention to any changes in your well-being. If you feel any doubts, visit your doctor – it’s the ABC’s of your safety and health.
Any symptoms that coincide in time with the appearance of a new sexual partner in your life – itching, rash, redness, pimples, any skin lesions of unknown origin.

The treatment of sexually transmitted diseases differs depending on their type. Some of them require the use of antibiotics like Doxycycline or Zithromax either by injection or by mouth, others – applying special solutions or creams on the skin. Several STDs (HIV, genital herpes) cannot be cured; they can only be controlled with special drugs. Never practice self-treatment if you suspect an STD, these diseases are very insidious – they provoke urological and gynecological inflammatory conditions and can result in infertility.
safe sex

Here are some rules concerning safe sex:

• Each condom can be used only ONCE;
• Use only water-based lubricants. Do not use plant, animal or cooking oils, lotions or vaseline (they break down condoms!) as additional lubricants;
• Never use a condom with expired shelf-life or if the integrity of its package is broken;
• If you’re sick, be sure to tell your partner.

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