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Other causes of hair loss
31 May. 2014

hair loss causesMost people think that only older men tend to lose hair and go bald; however, that is not exactly true. All of us lose hair gradually. This happens at a rate of 50-100 hairs per day. But since our scalp contains roughly 100,000 hairs, there is no reason to worry, as the hair is able to grow back. With age, however, the ability of our scalp to grow back hair gradually decreases. Other factors people usually don’t know about are medical conditions, hormonal factors, and medications.

Hormonal factors
This type of hair loss is more common in men. It’s a hereditary trait and is called male-pattern baldness. If a man has inherited male-pattern baldness, he may start to lose hair as early as during puberty, with some men going bald when they enter college.Women, on the other hand, are also susceptible to hereditary female-pattern baldness; however, this happens rarer. Usually, women suffer from temporary hair thinning as a result of hormonal changes triggered by pregnancy, childbirth, onset of menopause, or when they stop taking birth control pills.

Medical conditions

Medical conditions which may trigger hair loss include:

Thyroid problems – severe hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism causes hair loss. During these conditions the hair loss is diffuse and is spread evenly over the scalp, making the hair uniformly sparse. After the right treatment was given to the patient and the hormonal levels were stabilized, the hair will grow back again in several months, though is some cases not completely. Mild cases of thyroid problems usually do not cause hair thinning.

Alopecia areata – this disease causes small round patches of hair loss to appear on the scalp. This condition can also affect body hair in other places. In severe conditions it can lead to complete baldness. This condition is not contagious, and is thought to be hereditary. It is considered to be a systemic autoimmune disorder, since it causes the body’s immune system to attack anagen hair follicles.

Scalp infections – ringworm infection of the scalp may cause patchy baldness. Despite its name, it has nothing to do with worms, but it is actually a fungal infection, much like the athlete’s foot. It starts out as a small pimple which expands in size. The hair in the affected area becomes brittle and easily breaks off. When the infection is successfully treated, the hair usually grows back.

medications
Medications

Medications that may cause temporary baldness include drugs that are used to treat:

• Cancer
• Arthritis
• Heart problems
• High blood pressure
• Depression

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