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Endometriosis: Ways of Treatment

Among the many diseases women are known to commonly suffer from, few are as unpleasant and rarely talked about as endometriosis. This is surprising, considering up to 10 percent of the adult female population have it, with women between the ages of thirty and forty especially affected. Endometriosis is a disease which causes the tissues from the uterus to detach and grow outside it, causing such symptoms as chronic pelvic pain, unnaturally painful menstrual cramps, pain during sex, and problems with urination. Many women fail to diagnose endometriosis because they simply shrug it off as period pain, but you should know that this is a potentially dangerous disease that should be treated. Thankfully, there are several options available.

The first choice chosen by some is surgery. Surgical procedures are generally successful in removing endometrial patches, but this is a temporary solution and not a cure. The most common surgical procedures for the treatment of endometriosis include: laparoscopy, which entails using a small viewing instrument to find patches and subsequently remove them; laparotomy, which is used for the removal of major lesions (and sometimes the uterus); and surgery to sever pelvic nerves.

Some women with milder forms of endometriosis turn to painkillers for treatment. Pain medications of the NSAID and opiate categories are successful in alleviating pain and discomfort but do not have much effect beyond that. Thus, we should mention the most common and accepted form of endometriosis treatment - hormonal drugs. As endometriosis is closely linked to the menstrual cycle, it can be influenced by hormonal medications in the form of birth control pills, sprays, or injections.

The first effective hormonal pill we should mention is Provera. This is an artificial form of estrogen that halts natural estrogen production and prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg. This effect is helpful in alleviating endometriosis and is also sometimes used to reduce menopause symptoms.

Another popular treatment choice is the drug Aygestin. This is a drug recommended by women who cannot take estrogen medication. Aygestin only contains progesterone and its role in regulating the menstrual cycle and getting rid of the endometriosis-related pain.

Arimidex is the third drug of this kind that we should mention though it is an unusual choice. Arimidex is an aromatase inhibitor that doesn't fall into the general hormone category. It is often chosen by women who want to avoid the side effects of many hormonal drugs and has recently shown properties beneficial for endometriosis treatment.

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